The executive branch is one of three primary parts of the U.S. government—alongside the legislative and the judicial branches—and is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws. In the United States, the President serves as the head of the executive branch, and they are ultimately in charge. This article will delve into the powers and authority of the executive branch, examining its relationship with other branches of government, the influence of the Supreme Court, and the potential expansion of presidential power.
The Constitution grants certain powers to the executive branch. The President has the authority to sign or veto legislation passed by Congress, appoint federal judges and officials, and act as the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Additionally, the President can negotiate treaties with foreign nations, although they require Senate approval. These powers, however, are not without limitations.
In practice, the major questions doctrine makes the Supreme Court the final word on any policy question that Congress has delegated to an executive agency. This means that the Supreme Court has the power to interpret and define the limits of executive authority. The Court's decisions can significantly impact the actions and policies of the executive branch.