The United States Congress is responsible for making and approving federal laws – rules that everyone in the country must follow. This legislative body, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate, plays a crucial role in shaping the legal framework of the nation.
Congress has the power to pass laws on a wide range of issues, including but not limited to healthcare, taxation, immigration, civil rights, and national security. It is through this process that landmark decisions, such as Roe v. Wade, the landmark 1973 case that established a constitutional right to abortion, are translated into enforceable statutes.
While Congress holds the primary responsibility for making federal laws, the process is often complex and involves multiple steps. It begins with the introduction of a bill, which can originate in either the House or the Senate. Once introduced, the bill goes through committee hearings, where experts and stakeholders provide input and make amendments.