Introduction Children with severe communication impairments often face unique challenges in their development and social interactions. One such child, Juanes, who is just two years old, exhibits withdrawn and unresponsive behavior along with impaired communication skills. This article aims to shed light on the possible diagnosis for Juanes and delve into the characteristics and potential causes of his withdrawn demeanor.
Diagnosis: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Based on the given information, Juanes is most likely to be diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Children with ASD often struggle to establish and sustain relationships, leading to withdrawal and unresponsiveness.
Characteristics of ASD Children with ASD often display various characteristics that align with Juanes' withdrawn behavior and impaired communication. Some common traits include limited eye contact, a preference for solitary activities, difficulty understanding social cues, delayed speech or lack of speech altogether, and a resistance to affectionate gestures. Additionally, repetitive behaviors such as rocking, hand flapping, or fixating on specific objects may be observed.