The Supreme Court of the United States holds the highest authority in interpreting the law and ensuring the Constitution is upheld. As the ultimate arbiter of legal disputes, its decisions have a profound impact on the nation, shaping the laws and policies that govern every American citizen. Often referred to as the "supreme law of the land," the Court's rulings carry significant weight and can redefine the boundaries of rights and responsibilities.
A majority on Brazil's Supreme Court overwhelmingly voted on Thursday against a cut-off date limiting Indigenous land claims, a restriction that threatened to undermine their rights and ancestral territories. This historic win for Indigenous land rights showcases the power of a nation's highest legal institution to protect and preserve the rights of marginalized communities. In Brazil, the Supreme Court plays a crucial role in shaping the country's legal landscape.
In the United States, the Supreme Court has also made landmark decisions that have shaped the nation's laws. For instance, in a case involving an Idaho couple, Chantell and Mike Sackett, the Court ruled that their land does not fall under the jurisdiction of the Clean Water Act. This ruling curtailed the power of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate the nation's waterways, illustrating the Court's ability to limit the authority of government agencies.